By now the Aztec Empire had reached its greatest extent, stretching to what is now Honduras and Nicaragua. But below the surface, the Aztec Empire was fragile.
By now the Aztec Empire had reached its greatest extent, stretching to what is now Honduras and Nicaragua.
But below the surface, the Aztec Empire was fragile. The Aztecs bloodlust and ever-increasing demands for tribute had to eventually have consequences. And so it was that when Montezuma was still a boy of five years old, another boy was born in a land across the ocean.
That boys name was Christopher Columbus, and his arrival would mean the beginning of the end for the Aztec. Fall of the Aztec Empire Hernando Cortes Hernando Cortes was born in into a Medellin family of minor nobility in southwestern Spain, Cortes briefly studied law before sailing from his homeland to the New World at the age of nineteen to seek his fortune.
After several years as a gentleman farmer on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, inCortes joined the military expedition of Diego de Velazquez that went on to capture Cuba.
After the victory, Cortes became the mayor of Santiago and married the sister-in-law of Velazquez. InVelazquez gave Cortes permission to form a small force with a fleet of eleven ships, about men, 20 horses and 10 cannon to conduct an exploration of Mexico, which the Spaniards had first visited the previous year in His actions, however, were too late to stop Cortes from sailing westward in February Cortes The environment of the aztec people the Yucatan coastline before landing at the region of Totonacapan, which was subject to Aztec military incursions.
Despite the establishment of Aztec fortifications throughout the region, rebellion was endemic. The Totonacs of Cempoala told Cortes of the great and rich empire of the Aztec people further inland. It is at this time that Cortes is offered twenty young women as his slaves, one of them is an Aztec maiden, later to be known as Malinche, she will serve as his interpetor with the Aztec, her story is at the end of this section.
Both the Totonacs and the Tlaxcalans probably after consideration, saw the Spanish as a God-sent. Cortes moved his force a short distance northward and established what became the port of Vera Cruz, as he made plans to advance against the Aztecs.
To prevent his own force of less than six hundred men from deserting, because many feared venturing inland, Cortes burned his ships, leaving no means of escape. In Tenochtitlan Montezuma hears of the pale invaders In all non-white cultures, whiteness or paleness is associated with loss of blood, sickness, death: And who, according to legend, had taught them about agriculture and government, and whose return they were to welcome with great ceremony.
Also knowing of this Aztec myth probably from Malinche Cortes exploits the Aztec myth of a pale skinned, bearded god-king named Quetzalcoatl, as he approaches Tenochtitlan.
Montezuma made a feeble attempt to stop Cortes, but his defenses lacked unity and tenacity, both because of the Quetzalcoatl legend, which dictated that his people should welcome the return of the "white god," and the fear generated by the sight of Spanish horses and firearms, which the Aztecs had never seen before.
There are contradictory reports of what happened at Cholula. Cholula had a very small army, since as a sacred city, they put their confidence in their prestige and their gods. The troops started in the palace of Xacayatzin, and then on to Chialinco and Yetzcoloc.
The massacre had a chilling effect on the other Mesoamerican cultures and on the Mexica themselves. Christopher be set up in their place. All his demands were met. Let us stop here and Compare.
Fall of the Inca Empire Pizarro sent an embassy to the Inca, led by Hernando de Soto with 15 horsemen and an interpreter; shortly thereafter he sent 20 more horsemen led by his brother Hernando Pizarro as reinforcements in case of an Inca attack.
During the interview, the Spaniards invited Atahualpa to visit Cajamarca to meet Francisco Pizarro; the Inca promised to go the following day. In the town, Pizarro prepared an ambush to trap the Inca: The plan was to persuade Atahualpa to submit to the authority of the Spaniards and, if this failed, there were two options: The following day, Atahualpa left his camp at midday preceded by a large number of men in ceremonial attire; as the procession advanced slowly, Pizarro sent his brother Hernando to invite the Inca to enter Cajamarca before nightfall.
Atahualpa entered the town late in the afternoon in a litter carried by eighty lords; with him were four other lords in litters and hammocks andmen carrying small battle axes, slings and pouches of stones underneath their clothes.
The Inca found no Spaniards in the plaza, as they were all inside the buildings;the only one to come out was the Dominican friar Vicente de Valverde with an interpreter. Although there are different accounts as to what Valverde said, most agree that he invited the Inca to come inside to talk and dine with Pizarro.
Atahualpa instead demanded the return of every single thing the Spaniards had taken since they landed. According to eyewitness accounts, Valverde then spoke about the Catholic religion but did not deliver the requerimiento, a speech requiring the listener to submit to the authority of the Spanish Crown and accept the Christian faith.
At that moment, Pizarro gave the signal; the Spanish infantry and cavalry came out of their hiding places and charged the unsuspecting Inca retinue, killing a great number while the rest fled in panic. Pizarro led the charge on Atahualpa but managed to capture him only after killing all those carrying him and turning over his litter.
Not a single Spanish soldier was killed On November 17 the Spaniards sacked the Inca army camp in which they found great quantities of gold, silver and emeralds. Noticing their lust for precious metals, Atahualpa offered to fill a large room about 22 feet 6.Aug 29, · Watch video · The environment also held other treasures for the Maya, including jade, quetzal feathers (used to decorate the elaborate costumes of Maya nobility) and marine shells, which were used as trumpets.
The Aztecs adapted to their surrounding environment in several ways, including making floating gardens to enable agricultural production on water surfaces, building canoes and creating dikes.
The Aztecs lived in a swampy and moist environment in the vicinity of Lake Texcoco, which lies in the Valley of Mexico. The Aztec were a Nahuatl-speaking people who in the 15th and early 16th centuries ruled a large empire in what is now central and southern Mexico.
The Aztec are so called from Aztlán (“White Land”), an allusion to their place of origin, probably in northern Mexico.
If you had never heard of the Aztecs, you might think some very clever and peaceful people had moved into your neighbor. You would have been right about the clever. The Aztecs were very clever people. What Was the Climate Like Where the Aztec Lived? The Aztec climate was mild or temperate.
This was because the Aztec chose to live in Central Mexico, with the majority of them living in the Mexican Valley. Since the Mexican Valley was surrounded by mountains and lakes, the weather was mostly mild or.
The Aztecs of Mexico: A Zero Waste Society. DEVELOPMENT & SOCIETY: Traditional conserve resources and protect the environment. The Aztecs maximized recycling, burned some materials and disposed of the If a waste material has a price, people will recover it in order to make extra money.
In the modern world, prices of materials — metals.