The collapse of communism in the late s marked the end of Soviet rule over the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The change was sudden and swift in most of these countries, resulting in greater social and personal freedoms, as well as economic upheaval and political chaos. The end of Soviet domination also unleashed pent-up ethnic and national grievances, leading to sometimes-brutal confrontations over centuries-old borders and political supremacy.
After the Axis was defeated, these two powers became highly suspicious of each other because of their vastly different ideologies. This struggle, known as the Cold Warlasted from about tobeginning with the second Red Scare and ending with the Dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Prominent Historian of the Cold War, John Lewis Gaddiswrote at the dawn of the post-Cold War era that the characteristics of the new era are not yet certain but it is certain that it will be very different from the Cold War era and it means that a turning point of world historical significance took place: The new world of the post-Cold War era is likely to have few, if any, of these [Cold War] characteristics: We know that a series of geopolitical earthquakes has taken place, but it is not yet clear how these upheavals have rearranged the landscape that lies before us.
Much of the policy and infrastructure of the West and the Eastern Bloc had revolved around the capitalist and communist ideologies respectively and the possibility of a nuclear warfare. Government, economic and military institutions[ edit ] The fall of Communism formed an existential threat for many institutions.
The US military was forced to cut much of its expenditure, though the level rose again to comparable heights after the September 11 attacks and the initiation of the War on Terror in Declining Cold War tensions in the later years of the s meant that the apartheid regime was no longer supported by the West as a bulwark against Communism and they were condemned with an embargo.
InNelson Mandela was freed from prison and the regime made steps to end apartheid, which were on an official basis completed by with the new election. Libertarianneoliberal nationalist  and Islamist  parties on the other hand benefited from the fall of the Soviet Union.
As capitalism had "won", as people saw it, socialism in general declined in popularity. Social-Democratic Scandinavian countries privatized many of their commons in the s and a political debate on modern institutions re-opened.
Stock markets were established in Shenzhen and Shanghai late in as well. The restrictions on car ownership were loosened in the early s, causing the bicycle to decline as a form of transport by The move to capitalism has increased the economic prosperity of China, but many people still live in poor conditions, working for companies for very small pay and in dangerous and poor conditions.
Technology[ edit ] The end of the Cold War allowed many technologies that were formerly off limits to the public to be declassified. The last restrictions on commercial enterprise online were lifted in Only about 20 million people less than 0.Consequences of the Fall of Communism The collapse of the Soviet Union caused profound changes in nearly every society in the world.
Much of the policy and infrastructure of the West and the Eastern Bloc had revolved around the capitalist and communist ideologies respectively and the possibility of a nuclear warfare. The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe in , the unification of Germany one year later, and the imminent collapse of the Soviet Union all served to erode Yugoslavia’s political stability.
What Happened to Eastern Europe After the Collapse of Communism? The collapse of communism in the late s marked the end of Soviet rule over the countries of Eastern and Central Europe.
The change was sudden and swift in most of these countries, resulting in greater social and personal freedoms, as well as economic upheaval and . In the ‘transition’ from communism, the suffering of the people of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union has been great, while the hoped-for freedom from exploitation and autocracy remains elusive.
The NI maps some of . Nearly two decades after the fall of the Berlin Wall, publics of former Iron Curtain countries generally look back approvingly at the collapse of communism.
Majorities of people in most former Soviet republics and Eastern European countries endorse the emergence of multiparty systems and a free. How did the collapse of the Soviet Union affect the world?
Update Cancel. A new wave of democracy as old Communist regimes collapsed in Eastern Europe, in particular, and as the US abandoned its support for authoritarian right-wing regimes in Latin America, especially, as the country no longer felt the need to put stopping the USSR ahead of.