He described factors affecting the individual components in the communication making the communication more efficient. The model also focuses on encoding and decoding which happens before sender sends the message and before receiver receives the message respectively.
After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful communication tool. What is the Communication Cycle? Communication is a very complex process that happens orally, in written form as well as in non-verbal form, and in which the message that is being sent, takes place in a certain context.
Both the sender and the recipient can respond to each other in this model, with the sender and recipient alternating roles.
This leads to a cyclical process. He has an expressive function. It can be information, an emotion, song, dance, and so on. The thing he sends, is the message. This message is intended for the recipient s.
How the recipient handles it and interprets the message is called the appellative function. The message itself has to be carried by a medium, also called a channel. The sender usually uses multiple media to get to the recipient.
In addition to the voice for spoken words, the sender uses gestures, facial expression, posture and intonation as media. He can also use supporting media, such as a PowerPoint presentation, flip chart, music or a slide show.
Coding and decoding the message A message is communicated in different ways; spoken and written words languagesigns such as smoke, colours and symbols semantics and body language non-verbal communication. How the message is communicated and how it is understood are two different things.
On the one hand we see en coding and on the other decoding. A message has to be transmitted in such a way that it can be understood by both the sender and the recipient.
For this, the sender uses coding. He translates what he has in his head to understandable language, with the intention that the recipient will understand what he means.
He therefore carefully chooses his words, considers the level of his recipient and tries to make clear what he means. Because every human being has their own and unique frame of reference, determined by background, education, how they were raised, experiences and so on, every individual will interpret a message differently.
The more clearly the sender has encoded the message, the more accurately the recipient can decode it, minimising the chance of misunderstandings. Noise Still, there can be interference in the Communication Cycle that leads to misunderstandings. This is then referred to as miscommunication. Within communication, that kind of interference is called noise or static.
This noise can occur internally, within the Communication Cycle model, or externally, outside of the Communication Cycle model. When the interference is created on purpose, it is known as intentional noise.
Internal noise usually occurs at the sender or at the recipient. The recipient can also experience internal noise, making it impossible for him to properly receive the message and decode it.
For example, the recipient might be distracted or already have a certain preconception or opinion that prevent him from listening properly. Headaches or fatigue are other well-known forms of internal static on the side of the recipient. The external noise generally happens outside of the sender and recipient.
A bad phone connection, a flickering light, a hot exam classroom or construction noises are examples of this. It can be the case that the static is generated intentionally, like turning up the music or nervously ticking on a table.
That is referred to as intentional noise. Feedback As soon as the recipient responds to what the sender has sent, you get feedback. For instance, he can let the sender know that he has heard and understands the message by humming, but his raised eyebrows show that the opposite is true.
That depends on culture, and every country, city or village has its own conventions. Conventions are silent rules that we agree on together.Shannon and Weaver's Communication Model has five basic factors, arranged in a linear format.
The components in this model are: The information source selects a . Transcript of Shannon and Weaver's Communication Model. 1.
An information source, which produces a message. Advantages of Shannon and Weaver's model The model based on “Sender and Receiver”.
Here sender plays the primary role and receiver plays the secondary role (receive the information or passive). The Shannon–Weaver model was designed to mirror the functioning of radio and telephone technologies. Their initial model consisted of three primary parts: sender, channel, and receiver.
The sender was the part of a telephone a person spoke into, the channel was the telephone itself, and the receiver was the part of the phone where one. problems in levels B and C but Shannon and Weaver communication theory main focus is only on level A problems and cannot be applied for two other levels in the context of human communication.
One of the argues about . Shannon and Weaver Model The new model was designed to mirror the functioning of radio and telephone technologies. Their initial model consisted of three primary . (F.N.S. Palma, , Shannon and Weaver The new model was designed to mirror the functioning of radio and telephone technologies.
Their initial model consisted of three primary parts: sender, channel, and receiver.