Compliance, self-sacrifice for a male, dependence, nurturance, and emotionalism are the expected norms. Yet independence, self-control and, frequently, defiance characterize these women.
His surviving work consist of 38 plays, sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Until the mid s, he wrote mainly comedies influenced by Roman and Italian models and history plays in the popular chronicle tradition. During this time, he wrote what are considered his greatest comedies and histories.
The plot, characterization, dialogues, the use of metaphors and symbolic tone and the supernatural element found in many plays. The role of women varies in each play. The women evil found in Lady Macbeth, beauty and wisdom found in Portia, daughterly love and sacrificing nature found in Cordelia and the weak nature and dependence on others found in Gertrude, each one of them has her own uniqueness.
Role of Women Two main characters i. Both these characters are very important and main female characters in these plays. Lady Macbeth is a powerful presence in the play, most notably in the first two acts.
Following the murder of King Duncan, however, her role in the plot diminishes. Analysts see in the character of Lady Macbeth the conflict between femininity and masculinity, as they are impressed in cultural norms. Lady Macbeth suppresses her instincts toward compassion, motherhood, and fragility — associated with femininity — in favor of ambition, ruthlessness, and the single minded pursuit of power.
This conflict colors the entire drama, and sheds light on gender-based preconceptions from Shakespearean England to the present. When she hears about the prophecies by the witches, she becomes determined to kill King Duncan. This ambition is very clear from these lines of Act I, Scene V: Act V, Scene I Then, she committed suicide.
Portia Portia is the main female character who is dominated all over the play. She is cultured, refined, young and beautiful. The fame of her beauty spreads far and wide and a number of lovers are eager to marry her. Masculine Self Confidence She is intelligent and prompt, can take quick decisions, and forms intelligent plans of action.
It is she who directs Bassanio to go to Venice to the help of his friend, and as soon as he is gone, she decides to go to Venice herself to save Antonio. She handles the situation with great resourcefulness and presence of mind.
Through the trial, she conducts herself with rare masculine self-confidence. There is no masculine shyness and diffidence. Her womanliness appears at its best in the casket scene when Bassanio became successful in choosing the right casket.
Her surrender before love is the natural and exquisite self-expression of the steady and balanced soul. Apparently there is no similarity between them except some similarities.
Both are beautiful, shrewd and they have hidden masculine qualities but Portia is the protagonist and Lady Macbeth is the antagonist. Both are standing at two extremes i.As Shakespeare wrote Hamlet, the fiction was set in the Renaissance era and therefore the persona of women was reflective of that period.
The natural stereotype of that time viewed women as weak, fickle, and dependent of the men in their society and subject to the decisions that men make for them.
In Shakespeare’s Sonnets (), Stephen Booth briefly summarizes the few facts that have led to a plethora of speculation on such matters as text, authenticity, date, arrangement, and, especially, biographical implications.
The women presented in Shakespeare’s play Macbeth have challenged the cultural values and assumptions of the role, rights and power of women during the Elizabethan period.
Published: Tue, 02 May Many adolescent females enrolled in the grade 12, university English course could well be discouraged by the representation of women displayed in the assigned literature. A reflection of Shakespeare’s feelings towards women could be conveyed when Launce from Two Gentlemen of Verona admits that “To be slow in words is a woman’s only virtue.” This statement emphasizes the idea that talkative women who expressed themselves openly were not appreciated by men and were considered to be unpleasant.
Essays and criticism on William Shakespeare - Critical Essays. One of William Shakespeare’s great advantages as a writer was that, as a dramatist working in the public theater, he was afforded a.