Inclusive education and inclusion Essay: This committee suggested not only the concept of special educational needs SENbut also encouraged the principle that children with SEN could be educated in mainstream schools or non-special schools.
Follow TIMEBusiness Google recently acquired mobile-device maker Motorola Mobility and will soon manufacture smart phones and television set-top boxes.
Oracle bought Sun Microsystems and now champions engineered systems integrated hardware-and-software devices.
And even long-standing software giant Microsoft now makes hardware for its Xbox gaming system. Technology titans are increasingly looking like vertically integrated conglomerates largely in an attempt to emulate the success of Apple.
Vertical integration dictates that one company controls the end product as well as its component parts. In technology, Apple for 35 years has championed a vertical model, which features an integrated hardware-and-software approach. For instance, the iPhone and iPad have hardware and software designed by Apple, which also designed its own processors for the devices.
This integration has allowed Apple to set the pace for mobile computing.
Samsung, a large technology conglomerate, has thrived by making everything from LCD panels to processors, televisions and smart phones. But Sony, which has attempted to meld content, TVs and game systems like the PlayStation, has yet to find a way to make the disparate parts gel.
Although tech companies for now are focusing on entering areas closely aligned with their core businesses, Hrebiniak notes that hardware and software require different competencies and skill sets in areas such as manufacturing, procurement and supply chains.
In that respect, the challenges these firms face will be similar to what many diversified multinationals deal with when managing disparate business units. After all, there is a reason that large conglomerates tend to trade at a discount on Wall Street — they are harder to manage.
Google may be getting into hardware today, but it could be Facebook tomorrow. For example, Vivendi transformed itself from a water company to one focused on media, while GE started as an electric company but later expanded into such disparate businesses as microwave ovens and the NBC television network which it recently sold to Comcast.
If not, focus is better. However, once markets become less differentiated, a specialized approach — where each member of a supply chain has a role — makes sense. Hsu notes that the PC and semiconductor markets were once vertically integrated. Eventually, however, the supply chains reverted to being more specialized.
In the case of PCs, a group of companies now makes different parts of the machine that are then put together to create the final product: Microsoft builds operating systems, Intel makes processors, Nvidia provides graphic chips and a series of companies manufactures hard drives.
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That integration, which requires centralization foreign to Google and many other companies, is hard to deliver.Concept of National Integration - India is a diverse nation, hence need for National Integration far more important than any other issue. Let us find out ways to promote national integration.
May 07, · English Essay on "My Free Time Activities" After a hard day's work, nothing is more refreshing than some rest or some sort of recreation. Rest helps to conserve physical energy.
The Evolving Integration in East Asia - Too many reservations? Wolfgang Pape No. 5 / 29 April 1. Introduction Europe, with its focus on institution-building, continues to maintain mental reservations about intra-regional cooperation in what Eurocentrics have long labelled – often in ignorance present CEPS Essay offers a deeper.
Essay on Cultural Systems and Sub-Systems – Culture which consists of different elements and items tends to form systems of its own.
Johnson has said these systems may have varying degrees of coherence or integration. For example, a well developed branch of science, such as physics. Journal of European Integration 35, no. 3: By the time of writing, only 2nd order change has come about through a new fund to cater to the immediate needs of newly arriving refugees and less wealthy member states.
Similarly, in foreign policy, only 2nd order change was effectuated by a rapid reaction fund to speedily follow up on fresh.
Change is inevitable, and in most cases when the time for change comes we have no option but to implement the possible changes. The integrated change control is an approach that is applied in project management to give room to the necessary changes that are needed.