Facebook Twitter Failure to Adapt One of the main issues within British allied battle strategy in WWI and that of the British high command was the arrogance of the older, experienced members of the British army, highlighted at Gallipoli.
Deployed in the harsh conditions of a foreign nation miles away from home, they nevertheless gave their lives in a selfless quest to serve the British Empire.
What were some of the key events that helped etch the Gallipoli Campaign into our national history?
Background The Gallipoli story began with the outbreak of World War I, as Winston Churchill sought a way to defeat Germany and bring the war to a swift resolution. This was to be achieved through attacking its main allies and wresting control of the seas through naval battles.
The Ottoman Empire — now modern Turkey — was singled out as the main target of the assault, with Churchill aiming to take over its capital, Constantinople — now modern Istanbul. To support the attack, Allied forces including the ANZAC congregated in Egypt, where they received extensive training before heading to the Gallipoli peninsula for battle.
The troops found it incredibly difficult from the outset, facing treacherous land conditions and a well-drilled Turkish defence. The Battles The Gallipoli Campaign was marked by a number of key battles, most of which failed to bring a satisfactory resolution for either side.
Some of the most significant battles were fought as part of what was known as the August offensive, an attempt to regroup and refocus the assaults following the failure to capture Helles.
These attacks targeted the areas of Lone Pine and the Nek, and brought a modicum of success for the Allies although they would ultimately end in failure. With neither side managing to break through and claim a clear victory, much of the campaign ended in a tense stalemate.
The Evacuation As the year drew to a close, the Allies were counting their losses and made the critical decision to force an evacuation. This was largely met with relief from the troops, as ominous weather conditions were threatening to derail the campaign even further. The evacuation went smoothly without the loss of a single life, and is thus regarded as the most successful operation of the entire campaign.
The Legacy Although mostly ending in failure and having no significant outcome on the result of the war, the implications of the Gallipoli Campaign reverberated among the families of those impacted, and are still remembered almost a hundred years on.
The Gallipoli Campaign was undoubtedly one of the key events in Australian and New Zealand history, and continues to hold a special place in our hearts.
This Day in History.The Gallipoli Campaign and the ANZAC Legend Every year on April 25, Australians and New Zealanders come together to commemorate the lives of some of their finest heroes.
These were the brave men who fought valiantly as part of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, or the ANZAC, in the earlier stages of the First World War. An interactive military memorial trail telling the story of the Anzacs in World War I now winds through Queen's Park in Queensland's heritage city of Maryborough.
Funded by three levels of. Gallipoli and the ANZAC legend therefore has become folklore within Australian memory and the people honour the brave soldiers that fought and sacrificed themselves for Australia. Gallipoli was not the only important battle for the ANZAC’s, however it symbolises the ANZAC war effort as a whole.
The ANZAC myth that became indistinguishable from the Gallipoli campaign has become one of the foundations of the Australian identity. The myth romanticised anti- authoritarian larrikin who faced death with a song and a joke, the white male who was willing to give his life for his mates and country.
Gallipoli - The Anzac Legend The Anzac Legend is the source of the Aussie Fight and bravery that will live on for future generations to understand and to acknowledge their courage and bravery. The online exhibition tells the story of the Australians who landed at Gallipoli, and of the creation of the Anzac legend.
Dawn of the legend: 25 April was developed by the Australian War Memorial with the generous support of the Minister for Veterans' Affairs .