His very name has become associated with being a traitor.
While a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fortifications at West Point, New York future site of the U. Military Academy afteroverlooking the cliffs at the Hudson River upriver from British- occupied New York Cityand planned to surrender it to the British forces.
After the plan was exposed in Septemberhe was commissioned into the British Army as a brigadier general. Born in Connecticut, Arnold was a merchant operating ships on the Atlantic Ocean when the war broke out in After joining the growing army outside Boston, he distinguished himself through acts of intelligence and bravery.
His actions included the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga indefensive and delaying tactics despite losing the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain inthe Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut after which he was promoted to major generaloperations in relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix, and key actions during the pivotal Battles of Saratoga inin which he suffered leg injuries that ended his combat career for several years.
Adversaries in military and political circles brought charges of corruption or other malfeasance, but most often he was acquitted in formal inquiries. Congress investigated his accounts and found he was indebted to Congress after spending much of his own money on the war effort.
In Julyhe was offered, continued to pursue and was awarded command of West Point. He led British forces on raids in Virginia, and against New London and Groton, Connecticut, before the war effectively ended with the American victory at Yorktown.
He returned to London to settle permanently inwhere he died ten years later. Because of the way he changed sides, his name quickly became a byword in the United States for treason or betrayal. His conflicting legacy is recalled in the ambiguous nature of some of the memorials that have been placed in his honor.
Like his father and grandfather, as well as an older brother who died in infancy, he was named after his great-grandfather Benedict Arnold, an early governor of the Colony of Rhode Island.
Only Benedict and his sister Hannah survived to adulthood; his other siblings succumbed to yellow fever in childhood. His siblings were, in order of birth: Through his maternal grandmother, Arnold was a descendant of John Lothropp, an ancestor of at least six U. When he was ten, Arnold was enrolled in a private school in nearby Canterbury, with the expectation that he would eventually attend Yale.
However, the deaths of his siblings two years later may have contributed to a decline in the family fortunes, since his father took up drinking. By the time he was fourteen, there was no money for private education.
His apprenticeship with the Lathrops lasted seven years. InArnold, attracted by the sound of a drummer, attempted to enlist in the provincial militia for service against the French, but his mother refused permission.
Inwhen he was sixteen, he did enlist in the Connecticut militia, which marched off toward Albany and Lake George.
A commonly accepted story that Arnold deserted from militia service in is based on uncertain documentary evidence. His father was arrested on several occasions for public drunkenness, was refused communion by his church and eventually died in Arnold was hardworking and successful, and was able to rapidly expand his business.
|Benedict Arnold, American traitor, born - HISTORY||Previous to this lesson, the class will have been studying the Revolutionary War including Benedict Arnold's role in the Battle of Saratoga as a war hero.|
|From hero to traitor: Benedict Arnold’s day of infamy - National Constitution Center||Revolutionary War Generals Revolutionary War generals constitute some of the most famous Americans and British in history.|
In he repaid money borrowed from the Lathrops, repurchased the family homestead that his father had sold when deeply in debt, and re-sold it a year later for a substantial profit. In he formed a partnership with Adam Babcock, another young New Haven merchant.And at West Point, Arnold’s name was erased from a series of monuments that honor the generals of the Revolutionary War.
Back in , Benjamin Franklin wrote to the Marquis De Lafayette about Arnold’s treason, after American agents seized a letter that said Arnold only received 5, pounds for his acts.
Benedict Arnold, the American general during the Revolutionary War who betrayed his country and became synonymous with the word “traitor,” was born on this day in Benedict Arnold Military general and traitor Born: January 14, ; Norwich, Connecticut Died: June 14, ; London, England Cause of notoriety: In the United States, the name of Benedict Arnold, who sought to surrender West Point to the British during the American Revolutionary War, is now synonymous with treason.
Revolutionary War generals constitute some of the most famous Americans and British in history. A surprising number of people made their names during the American War for Independence.
For example, Benedict Arnold is famous as a traitor, but did you know he was a general who fought brilliantly and bravely during the Battle of Saratoga?
Oct 27, · Benedict Arnold () was an early American hero of the Revolutionary War () who later became one of the most infamous traitors in U.S. history after he switched sides and fought for. Benedict Arnold V was a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but switched sides to the British Empire.
While he was still a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fort at West Point, New York, and plotted unsuccessfully to surrender it to the British.